LESSON 4 People and relationships

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Texts: 1. Inviting colleagues

2. Friends

3. Appearance of people

______ Phonetics: Sound [w]

Intonation of special questions

_______ Grammar: The Present Continuous Tense

The Past Continuous Tense The Future Continuous Tense

Special words: words of emotions

words of relationships

verbs of liking and disliking

words describing appearance of people

Special sentences: No, quite the opposite, he is...

No, you are looking at the wrong... No, I'm afraid not, rather... No, apparently he is...


Translate these basic words and expressions into Russian:

friendship______________________________________

romance_______________________________________

marriage_______________________________________

acquaintance____________________________________

colleague_______________________________________

workmate_______________________________________

intelligent_______________________________________

bright__________________________________________

clever__________________________________________

smart__________________________________________

s h rewd_________________________________________

able___________________________________________

gifted______________________________ —

talented________________________________________

optimistic______________________________________

pessimistic_____________________________________

sensible________________________________________

down-to-earth___________________________________

easy-going_____________________________________

even-tempered__________________________________

honest_________________________________________

trustworthy______________________________________

reliable_________________________________________

sincere__________________________________ .

to enjoy others' company_________________________

to tell the truth___________________________________

to treat smb properly_____________________________

to be ready to help_______________________________

to sympathize with smb___________________________

to share smb's opinion___________________________

to have the same attitudes and prejudices___________






The Continuous Tenses

Exercises

a. Fill in this table with similar sentences:



tense statement negation question
The Present Continuous Tense The Past Continuous Tense / am reading Lesson 4 now. He is not writ­ing anything at the moment. Are you doing any exer­cises now? What exercises are you doing?
I was reading Lesson 3 at 9 last night. He was not writing anything at the moment. Were you doing any ex­ercises at the moment? What were you doing?

The Future ContinuousTense Most probably I'll be reading Lesson 4 at this time to­morrow. Most probably he won't be writing anything at the moment. Will you be writing any­thing at the moment? What will you he doing?

=J Grammar Notes
1 2 The Continuous Tenses express an action in progress present, past or future (see the above examples). Sometimes the Continuous Tenses express an action in past or future. / am studying history at the University. at a certain moment in the progress in the present,
Sometimes the Present Continuous Tense expresses period, but not a moment is meant.) / hope she is coming to Moscow tomorrow. an action in future (when a
Some verbs are not usually used in the Continuous Tenses, instead they are used in the Indefinite Tenses.
Here are some of these verbs:
to appear to forget to know to remember
to believe to forgive to like to see
to dislike to hate to love to think
to doubt to hear to need to want
to hope to prefer to wish

b. Translate into English paying attention to the use of the Continuous Tenses:

1 Она сейчас занята. Готовит ужин.

2 — Что он делает сейчас?

— Готовится к экзаменам.

3 — Что вы читаете?

— Я читаю поэму Байрона на английском языке.

4 Я не знаю, что он пишет.

5 Я не могла с ним вчера поговорить. Я писала реферат по философии.

6 Может быть в это время завтра я уже буду в Петербурге.


c. Translate the following sentences paying attention to the use of the Indefinite
and Continuous Tenses:

1 Вчера в это время он работал на компьютере. — Он целых два часа искал ошибку в программе.

2 Мы часто обсуждаем эти вопросы. — Мы хотим поехать куда-нибудь отдохнуть и обсуждаем возможные места.

3 Он разговаривает по телефону. — Ему звонят друзья, отды­хающие в Крыму.

d. Have another look at the photos of the two young people at the head of the lesson
and make a short story about each of them.

e.g. In the first photo I see a young girl, a university student, most probably...

e. Imagine you are on a one-month language course in Britain. Give your news

to an English-speaking friend. Open the brackets and complete these sentences:

1 I (to study) English in a language school___________________

2 I (to work) very hard at school___________________________

3 I (to live) with an English family_________________________

4 I (to talk) to them a lot_________________________________

5 I (to make) a lot of mistakes____________________________

6 I (to try) to learn from my mistakes_______________________

7 I (to watch) TV nearly every night________________________

8 I think my English (to get) better_________________________

1. Inviting colleagues

Alex comes home from work in a hurry to find his wife, Pam, is not yet at home. He has invited his boss to dinner. In desperation he throws down his briefcase, takes off his jacket, and goes to take a piece of pa­per off a notice board in the kitchen. While reading the paper, he puts a sausepan in the sink, turns on the tap and then goes to the refrig­erator. He opens the door, takes out an uncooked pie, which he then puts in the oven. After turning on the oven, he puts on an apron, takes some potatoes from a cupboard and starts peeling them.


Pam: Alex! I'm back.

She comes into the kitchen.

Pairv Hi.

Alex: Where on earth have you been?

Pam: I've been working. I had to finish the Burgess de­signs by this evening.

Alex: The potatoes are done, and the pie's in the oven.

Pam: Good.

Alex: Couldn't it have waited until tomorrow? They are only sketches. Pam starts cutting the potatoes.

Pam: No, it couldn't wait until tomorrow because they had to be delivered then. And they may be only sketches to you, Alex, but they're very important to me.

Alex: Well, I don't have the boss to dinner every day of the week.

Pam: No, thank God! Alex glares at her.

Pam: I don't know what you're panicking for anyway. Eve­rything's prepared. By the way, he's coming with his wife, isn't he?

Alex: Oh no, he's coming on his own. His wife can't make it.

Pam: Oh, that'll be fun for me.

Alex: What?

Pam: Nothing.

Set the table then.

Alex goes to prepare the table.

Exercises

a. Answer the following questions:

1 How old are Pam and Alex, to your mind?


2 Where do they work?

3 Why do you think Alex had invited his boss to dinner?

4 Did he know his wife would come home late that day?

5 What did the paper Alex took off a notice board in the kitchen say, to your mind?


f. Sort out these words describing positive and negative emotions into two columns:

to be happy, to be frustrated, to be down-hearted, to be in a bad tem­per, to lose/to control one's temper, to be in high/low/crushed/immens' spirits, to be in a rage, to fly into a rage, to give vent to one's feelings

Positive emotions Negative emotions




b. Write down what Alex did, step by step, to prepare the dinner,
e.g. First Alex put a saucepan in the sink, then ...

c. Read the following paying attention to the sounds and intonation:

where we

why wait

work with him['wi6 him]

week with me ['wid mi]

wnat without it [wid'aut it]

1 'Where have yoiA been?

2 'Where on 'earth have yoiA been?

3 'Why are you^ late?

4 'Why 'didn't you 'come in^ time?

5 'What shall we 'have АэЛ dinner?

6 'What 'else shall we 'have Л>Л dinner?

7 'Why 'isn't his 'wife^ coming?


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